Colonel Edward Doyley’s Regiment of Foot

Active1655 to 1662
CountryBarbados
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
TypeFoot
ColonelEdward Doyley
Thomas Lynch
Area RaisedBarbados
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies Venables 1654-5

Later Colonel Thomas Lynch’s Regiment of Foot

Protectorate regiment of foot raised in Barbados and serving in the garrison of Jamaica

Service History

1655

  • January to April: Raised in Barbados, by Lewis Morris
  • April: Sail for Hispaniola
  • April: First repulse from Santo Domingo
  • April: Second repulse from Santo Domingo
  • May: Sail for Jamaica
  • May: Taking of Santiago de la Vega

1656

  • Garrison Jamaica

1657

  • September: Major Richard Stevens expels Spanish planters from their fort in Jamaica
  • October: Storm of Ocho Rios

1658

  • May: Storm of Rio Nuevo

1659

  • Garrison Jamaica

1660

  • Garrison Jamaica

1661

  • Garrison Jamaica

1662

  • Doyley departs to England and the regiment passes to Lynch
  • Regiment disbanded at Port Royal, Morant and Yallahs

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Doyley’s regiment were raised in Barbados in 1655 by Lewis Morris, who refused to accompany Venables’ expedition until his debts were paid. As part of Venables’ force they attacked the Spanish possession of Hispaniola, which ended in two defeats at Santo Domingo and the force sailing instead for Jamaica. Venables’ force successfully invaded Jamaica at Santiago de la Vega (later Spanish Town) against light opposition and the regiment remained in the Jamaica garrison until disbanded by Charles II in 1662. Doyley was de facto leader of Jamaica for most of this period, and his regiment took the lead in repulsing Spanish attempts to retake the island. At the storm of Ocho Rios in 1657 Doyley and Barry defeated the Tercios Mexicano led by Don Cristobal de Ysassi. In 1662 Doyely returned to England and command of the regiment passed to Colonel Lynch before being disbanded.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

Edward Doyley

He previously served as a Captain in Colonel Algernon Sydney’s Regiment of Horse in Munster in 1646 and as Major of Lord Inchiquin’s Regiment of Horse from 1647. Appointed Lieutenant Colonel of General Robert Venables’ Regiment of Foot for the Western Expedition, he was appointed Colonel of the new regiment raised in Barbados. When Venables returned to England, Doyley was chosen as commander-in-chief of the Jamaica forces. Although briefly replaced by Brayne, he continued as Governor of Jamaica until 1662.

Thomas Lynch

Thomas Lynch subsequently also became Governor of Jamaica.

Strength

  • April 1655: 830 soldiers, 120 officers, 10 staff

See Also