Colonel Anthony Buller’s Regiment of Foot

Active1654 to 1662
CountryEngland
Barbados
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsAnglo-Spanish War
TypeFoot
ColonelAnthony Buller
Francis Barrington
Cornelius Burroughs
Area RaisedEngland
Barbados
Coat ColourRed
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesVenables 1654-5

Later Colonel Francis Barrington’s then Colonel Cornelius Burroughs’ Regiment of Foot

Protectorate regiment of foot serving on the Western Design in the West Indies

Service History

1654

  • Raised in England
  • December: Sail from Portsmouth for Barbados

1655

  • January: Arrive at Barbados where the regiment is recruited up to strength
  • April: Sail for Hispaniola
  • April: First repulse from Santo Domingo
  • April: Second repulse from Santo Domingo
  • May: Sail for Jamaica
  • May: Taking of Santiago de la Vega
  • June: Buller sent back to England to give an account of the expedition
  • Barrington succeeds Buller

1656

  • Garrison Jamaica

1657

  • Garrison Jamaica

1658

  • Garrison Jamaica

1659

  • Garrison Jamaica

1660

  • January: Barrington killed in an accident
  • Burroughs replaces Barrington

1661

  • Garrison Jamaica

1662

  • Disbanded at Guanaboa

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940

Buller’s regiment were raised in England in 1654 for service in the West Indies. The five regiments under Venables’ command totalled 2000-2500 men, of whom only 1000 were experienced soldiers. Shipped to Barbados in 1655 they recruited up to strength before invading the Spanish possession of Hispaniola, which ended in two defeats at Santo Domingo and the force sailing instead for Jamaica. Venables’ force successfully invaded Jamaica at Santiago de la Vega (later Spanish Town) against light opposition and the regiment remained in the Jamaica garrison until disbanded by Charles II in 1662, Buller being succeeded in command of the regiment first by Colonel Barrington, then by Colonel Burroughs.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably red coats.

Notable Officers

Anthony Buller

Francis Barrington

Served as a captain in Okey’s Dragoons in 1648, then in Henry Cromwell’s Regiment of Horse. He was Lt Col of the regiment, replacing Buller as Colonel in the summer of 1655.

Cornelius Burroughs

Strength

  • March 1655: 1000 men
  • November 1655: 361 men fit for service, 217 sick, 27 women and children attached
  • January 1659: Jamaica regiments average 400 men

See Also