Colonel Arthur Aston’s Regiment of Foot

Active1640
CountryEngland
AllegianceEnglish
ConflictsSecond Bishops’ War
TypeFoot
ColonelsArthur Aston
Area Raised
Coat Colourunknown
Flag Colourunknown
Flag Designunknown
Field Armies1640

English infantry regiment that was raised for the Second Bishops’ War of 1640

Service History

1640

Notes

Coats and Flags

Notable Officers

Arthur Aston

Sir Arthur Aston (1590-1649) was a Catholic from Cheshire. Biographies can be found online at BCW and Wikipedia. He was a professional soldier, fighting for Russia, Poland then for Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. He fought at Newburn Ford in the Second Bishops’ War under Lord Conway and was knighted in 1640.

At Edgehill Aston was Colonel-General of dragoons, and was later appointed Governor of Reading. Besieged by Essex, he relinquished command after being hit on the head by a roof tile dislodged by cannon-fire and rendered dumb. Some wondered whether this was a cunning ploy to avoid taking personal responsibility for the surrender. He was then appointed Major General to Prince Rupert and in August 1643 Governor of Oxford. Unpopular as Governor due to his severity and short temper, he broke his leg in a riding accident in 1644, gangrene set in and it required amputation, his position passing to Sir Henry Gage on Christmas Day. Clarendon plainly disliked him, opining that “He had the fortune to be very much esteemed where he was not known, and very much detested where he was; and he was at this time too well known at Oxford to be beloved by any.” In 1646 Aston joined Ormond in Ireland and was later appointed Governor of Drogheda. Besieged in 1649 by the New Model Army led by Cromwell, Drogheda was stormed with notoriously little quarter given. Sir Arthur's brains were beaten out with his own wooden leg, which the Parliamentarian soldiers falsely suspected was full of gold coins.

Officer List

The Names of all the Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels, Sergeant Majors, Captains, Lieutenants, Ensigns, Preachers, Chirurgeons, Quarter-masters, Provost Marshals, under his Excellency the Earl of Northumberland, Captain General for this Expedition 1640. Taken according to the Muster Roll after the Armies Retreat from Newcastle into York. 1)

•Arthur Aston Colonel •Richard Bole Lieutenant Col. •Robert Coningesby Sergeant Major.

Captains. •Isaac Lukine •Richard Bradshaw •Henry Keyes •Henry Thomas •Thomas Leighton •William Courtney •James Thomson.

Lieutenants. •Thomas Minn •William Keeling •Richard Spoore •William Roston •John Skipwith •Charles Hales •Celestine Bingham •Vul. Wright •Nathanael Moyle •Stafford Sherborne.

Ensigns. •Francis Aston •Robert Bowles •Philip Lowes •Robert Smith •John Atkins •James Browne •Robert Nelson •George Leigh •Richard Leigh •John Mynne

•Preacher, Henry Jones •Chirurgeon •Quarter Master, Lodowick Burwick. •Provost Marshal, Tho. Goubourne.

Strength

See Also

1) 'Historical Collections: 1640, August-September', Historical Collections of Private Passages of State: Volume 3: 1639-40, pp. 1221-1286. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=74920 Date accessed: 12 February 2014